1. Describe some of the techniques colonial surgeons used to treat patients.
Limb amputations were common during the 18th century. Surgeons would use a clamper and a bone saw to make a clean cut for amputations. Surgeons would also boil horse hairs and tie them around a vein to stop the flow of blood. Doctors would also give patients bullets to bite on to keep them from splitting their teeth during surgery. Bloodletting was another common technique used to help ease illness or pains like a headache or sore throat.
2. Consider the differences between medicine during colonial times and medicine today. Which medical advancement(s) today would you consider to be the most important? Why?
While student answers will vary, it is likely that they will include modern sterilization techniques, anesthesia that prevents the patient from feeling pain, and/or technology used to screen patients like CT scans and x-rays.