From the earliest days when Hernando de Soto crossed into Georgia during his expedition across southeastern North America to the creation of the United States as a new nation, Georgia was the stage for the encounter between indigenous peoples and new European settlers. The histories and traditions of Georgia’s native American groups are deep and diverse. Georgia’s settlement period brought new economies and new challenges to the colonial outpost eventually setting up a conflict between loyalist and patriot Georgians over their relationship with Great Britain. Out of the crisis of revolution the state of Georgia was born, with growing cities and institutions.
Georgia’s geography is varied and expansive, encompassing rolling mountains and valleys in the north to sweeping plains, beaches, and swamps in the south. The state’s unique physical characteristics are highlighted in the geologic record and in the diversity of landforms...
Humans first arrived in the region we today call Georgia more than eleven thousand years ago. They developed systems of governance, economic sustainability, and cultural spirituality. As groups became more sophisticated, traditions and customs were passed along to preserve a unique heritage.
From Hernando de Soto’s earliest journey through the southeast to the years after the French and Indian War, Georgia developed thriving cities, a bustling port, and a culture influenced by Spanish, French, British, and Native American societies.
As the last colony to join the rebellion against Great Britain, due in part to its heavy reliance on maritime trade, Georgia’s entry into the American revolution was a complicated affair. Governors were installed and removed, cities fell and were liberated, and the burgeoning backcountry involvement played out more like a civil war than an independence movement.
Georgia’s recovery after the Civil War was slow and arduous. With transportation networks destroyed, major cities in ruins, and widespread devastation of the population and economy, Georgia faced the daunting task of rebuilding its foundations, integrating back into the Union, and assimilating newly freed African-American citizens.
The Jimmy Carter virtual field trip takes students on a journey through the remarkable life of James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. from his hometown experiences and early years through to...
Contributing to the efforts of fellow Georgians fighting overseas in Europe and the Pacific, workers across the state rose to the challenge of producing crucial materials for the war effort. From ordnance plants to plane and shipbuilding factories, Georgians of every background worked together to support the fight.