From the earliest days when Hernando de Soto crossed into Georgia during his expedition across southeastern North America to the creation of the United States as a new nation, Georgia was the stage for the encounter between indigenous peoples and new European settlers. The histories and traditions of Georgia’s native American groups are deep and diverse. Georgia’s settlement period brought new economies and new challenges to the colonial outpost eventually setting up a conflict between loyalist and patriot Georgians over their relationship with Great Britain. Out of the crisis of revolution the state of Georgia was born, with growing cities and institutions.
Georgia’s geography is varied and expansive, encompassing rolling mountains and valleys in the north to sweeping plains, beaches, and swamps in the south. The state’s unique physical characteristics are highlighted in the geologic record and in the diversity of landforms...
Humans first arrived in the region we today call Georgia more than eleven thousand years ago. They developed systems of governance, economic sustainability, and cultural spirituality. As groups became more sophisticated, traditions and customs were passed along to preserve a unique heritage.
From Hernando de Soto’s earliest journey through the southeast to the years after the French and Indian War, Georgia developed thriving cities, a bustling port, and a culture influenced by Spanish, French, British, and Native American societies.
As the last colony to join the rebellion against Great Britain, due in part to its heavy reliance on maritime trade, Georgia’s entry into the American revolution was a complicated affair. Governors were installed and removed, cities fell and were liberated, and the burgeoning backcountry involvement played out more like a civil war than an independence movement.
Georgia’s rise from the ashes of civil war sparked a debate about development and the future of the state. Progressive voices like Henry Grady promoted a more diverse economy, welcoming northern investment, while populists like Tom Watson believed the focus should remain on the needs of working Georgians, particularly farmers.
The archeological history of the state from prehistoric to colonial Georgia is explored, including a survey of native civilizations and the effects of European contact, exploration, and settlement.
Overview: It's no secret that government is significantly involved in the U.S. Economy. But do you know all the things the various levels of government do in the economy? This lesson will help you understand the complex ways the government interacts with the U.S. Economy.