As war spread across the world and eventually drew in the United States, much of Georgia was impacted by mobilization. Georgians served in the armed forces and national legislature, and left their family farms for cities with factories and military bases. In the years after World War II, citizens experienced unprecedented increases in their standard of living, realizing new opportunities and new forms of leisure they had never known.
Contributing to the efforts of fellow Georgians fighting overseas in Europe and the Pacific, workers across the state rose to the challenge of producing crucial materials for the war effort. From ordnance plants to plane and shipbuilding factories, Georgians of every background worked together to support the fight.
Following World War II, Georgia entered a period of great transition, with populations moving from rural to urban landscapes, the economy modernizing and diversifying, and political influence shifting from traditional centers of influence.
Home to some of the most prominent figures of the Civil Rights Movement, Georgia nevertheless wrestled with bringing an end to the Jim Crow era. Early efforts to integrate society were met with resistance from both the public and the state, and it would ultimately take decades for Georgia to fully relinquish the practice of segregation.
From the end of WWII to the present day, Georgia is surveyed through its role in the Cold War and Civil Rights movement, along with the state’s modernization and growth--from...
The archaeological history of the state from prehistoric to colonial Georgia is explored, including a survey of native civilizations and the effects of European contact, exploration, and settlement.