Georgia’s recovery after the Civil War was slow and arduous. With transportation networks destroyed, major cities in ruins, and widespread devastation of the population and economy, Georgia faced the daunting task of rebuilding its foundations, integrating back into the Union, and assimilating newly freed African-American citizens.
Marcellus Barksdale, a Morehouse College historian, describes what happened to the South as a result of the Civil War. In Marietta, returning Confederate soldier James Remley Brumby dreamed of a better future and started making rocking chairs. The chair company grew to become Marietta’s largest employer.
Historians Cliff Kuhn, Marcellus Barksdale and Gene Hatfield describe the chaos and uncertainty resulting from the devastation wrought upon the South during the Civil War. Cities were destroyed, houses and slave quarters were burned, farmland was ruined and one out of every five men who went to war never returned. For former slaves, the situation was especially dire. Economic plans and the battle over ownership of land is discussed as well.
As war spread across the world and eventually drew in the United States, much of Georgia was impacted by mobilization. Georgians served in the armed forces and national legislature, and left their family farms for cities with factories and military bases. In the years after World War II, citizens experienced unprecedented increases in their standard of living, realizing new opportunities and new forms of leisure they had never known.
Georgia and the New South are explored in the context of Reconstruction, including the competing visions for advancing southern politics and the economy, as well as challenges experienced in assimilating...
Overview: This concept helps explain why when prices of goods and services increase, more goods and services are likely to appear in the market.