1. Cite an example of discrimination faced by African-American farmers in the past. Why did this happen? What caused many African Americans to leave farm life?
African-Americans were refused lines of credit and loans from banks. It was thought they might not be good risks to pay back the money. Cities have attracted many who want more secure jobs and they just aren’t interested in the demands of farming.
2. How have some African-Americans used non-violent methods to end discrimination?
Tena Butler picketed against businesses that had discriminatory policies. She was told that she would lose her job if she continued this practice. She resigned, got another job and continued her work to try to integrate places that had been off limits to African-Americans. Organizations such as the NAACP used non-violent means.
3. Give examples of how economic gains made by African Americans since the 1960s have impacted Georgia’s economy.
Even before the 1960s, Atlanta could boast the largest Black-owned Insurance company in the United States: The Atlanta Life Insurance Company begun by Alonzo Herndon in 1905. It still exists. Once African Americans began to own their own businesses (The Auburn Elite: Black business owners in the Auburn Avenue district), more of the Black community was employed and more of them were able to save, invest, and improve their standard of living – just as whites had been able to do for centuries. Godfather’s Pizza was owned by Herman Cain, who ran for Congress and is now a radio personality and business leader. Barber shops, beauty shops, grocery stores, auto repair and parts stores, lawyers offices, doctors’ offices are examples of Black-owned businesses that cater to both blacks and whites. When African Americans were given the same opportunities as whites to advance within the business world, many took advantage of this. They either created their own businesses or were able to get an advanced degree and move up the ladder in the corporate world. It is not uncommon to see African Americans in every single business in Atlanta. This has improved customer service and satisfaction and well as employ many of those who might not have had jobs otherwise. This has, therefore, increased Georgia’s economy and insured Atlanta’s place as the transportation and business hub of the South.