Georgia Officials Seek To End 5 Tests For State Students
Gov. Brian Kemp and state Superintendent Richard Woods are announcing a plan Tuesday to cut five mandatory standardized tests for Georgia public school students, including four in high school. The Republican officials are also trying to cut the length of state tests and evaluate local tests that Georgia’s 181 school districts give to evaluate student progress.
Both Woods and Kemp oppose the current amount of testing, part of a national backlash to a system largely built by Republicans in Georgia.
“By reducing high-stakes testing, we’ll remove heavy burdens in our classroom for our teachers and our students,” Kemp said in a statement to The Associated Press. “We’ll restore parents’ peace of mind about their children’s education, and we’ll let educators focus on what they do best — teaching children.”
The biggest changes would come in high school. Students would no longer have to take tests in geometry, economics, physical science and American literature.
Students would still take tests in algebra, biology, U.S. history and ninth grade literature and composition. The federal government requires high school students take at least one test in math, science and English/language arts. The history test is not required by the federal government, but Georgia would keep it.
The proposed legislation would also let the state Board of Education drop the high school exams from being considered in course grades. Now, state law requires that exams be included in course grades. The board’s policy requires that a test count for one-fifth of a student’s overall course grade.
All eight courses would still be required for high school graduation, but the state would no longer have a standard yardstick to evaluate student performance in four, and could make the exam carry no direct consequences for students in the other four.
Georgia would still require a writing assessment in high school, but would allow it to be given any time from 9th to 12th grade, instead of in 11th grade as is now required.
The state earlier eliminated certain high school tests for students taking dual enrollment college courses while in high school, or students taking Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate courses.
For younger students, the plan would drop a fifth-grade social studies test not required by the federal government, but would hang onto an optional eighth grade test in Georgia history. The measure would require students be tested in the last five weeks of the school year, trying to push back state testing, on the belief that such a move would provide more instructional time for teachers. Districts now are encouraged, but not required, to test late in the year.
Kemp’s plan also aims to cut the length of the Georgia Milestones standardized tests by eliminating questions that allow for comparing student performance to other states. Kemp and Woods say Georgia students already take the SAT and ACT college exams, allowing for comparisons. A sample of Georgia students also take the National Assessment of Educational Progress. That move is likely to go hand-in-glove with an ongoing effort to overhaul state standards. Some are pushing for a cut in the number of standards, which could also lead to shorter tests.
The plan would let the state conduct an inventory of tests given by local districts, typically used to benchmark progress toward meeting state standards, in an effort to eliminate redundant tests and suggest the most effective tests. State officials have discussed a voluntary benchmark test that the state would pay for, but it’s not mandated in the proposal.
There are some things the proposal would not do. Woods has been calling for the Kemp-controlled Office of Student Achievement to stop assigning A-to-F grades to schools and districts. The governor could make that change without action by the General Assembly, but isn’t currently poised to do so. Kemp also isn’t seeking to alter the 100-point College and Career Ready Performance Index, which is part of state law and is the basis for the letter grades.
From 1991 through 2011, Georgia also administered a separate state graduation test that determined whether a student could graduate from high school.
Both end-of-course and high school graduation tests grew out of an education reform movement. The exams began in the South and spread to 25 states by 2012, but states have since been dropping such requirements, and only 13 states now require them, according to the Education Commission of the States.
Georgia also uses the tests to help calculate school ratings for high schools. It wasn’t immediately clear how fewer tests would affect that calculation, but federal approval could be required for any changes.