1. Name some of the nationalities that settled the colony of Georgia.
There were people from England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Switzerland, and France.
2. Why did the Scottish Highlanders come to Georgia?
In their native Scotland, they were “sharecroppers.” They farmed the land for a share of the crop they harvested. The Lord of the Manor got the rest of the crop. They did not own the land. Oglethorpe and the trustees offered free land in the New World. They came for a new life and the promise of land.
3. Oglethorpe gave them land on the coast of Georgia, rather than inland. Why did he do this?
He knew that they were good fighters – they had this reputation in Europe. He needed a defense from the Spanish on the coast of Georgia below Savannah. The Scots built and defended a fort in Darien, as it was later named.
4. Describe the Scots’ clothing and explain why it was utilitarian (easy to wear and use)?
The men wore Kilts, which looked liked skirts. They thought they could run faster and fight better in these (like the Native Americans). They wore soft moccasins (just like the Native Americans), because it enabled them to feel the land. Since they were part of the land, they wanted to make themselves feel a part of it.
5. What was special about the Scottish women?
The women could shoot and defend the land as well as the men. Sometimes, they had to take over the defense of the fort when the men were off fighting somewhere else.