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From the earliest days when Hernando de Soto crossed into Georgia during his expedition across southeastern North America to the creation of the United States as a new nation, Georgia was the stage for the encounter between indigenous peoples and new European settlers. The histories and traditions of Georgia’s native American groups are deep and diverse. Georgia’s settlement period brought new economies and new challenges to the colonial outpost eventually setting up a conflict between loyalist and patriot Georgians over their relationship with Great Britain. Out of the crisis of revolution the state of Georgia was born, with growing cities and institutions.