1. Why did the Salzburgers have to leave their native Austria? In what year did they begin to come?
They were Protestants in a Catholic country. The Catholics told them they would have to give up their religion or their land. They gave up their land, and they traveled to the New World to escape religious persecution. Here in Georgia they were able to practice their Protestant faith - Lutheran. They began to come in 1734.
2. What else did Salzburgers desire other than freedom to practice their faith?
They wanted land of their own that they could work without being told what to plant and how to do it. They were much like sharecroppers. Oglethorpe promised and gave them this land.
3. Describe the problem with the first place given to the Salzburgers in Georgia.
The land was so marshy and swampy land that many of them died from dysentery caused by drinking and cooking with the bad water. Malaria, caused by mosquitoes and the standing water, also decreased their number.
4. Why is there no longer a town of Ebenezer in South Georgia?
The Revolutionary War came to Savannah. The town of Ebenezer was burned. They rebuilt, but the Civil War came. Sherman’s troops came through and destroyed the small town. The only building left is the Jerusalem Evangelical Lutheran Church, the oldest church building in Georgia.