Mary Musgrove, A Georgia Biography

Known as Coosaponakeesa by the Creek Indians, Mary Musgrove’s mixed heritage, linguistic skills, and intimate knowledge of native culture made her a unique and influential character in early Georgia history. She was a bicultural diplomat, a bridge between the so-called “new” and “old” worlds of the colonists and Native Americans. She interpreted communications between Georgia founder James Oglethorpe and the Yamacraw chief Tomochichi, negotiating treaties and land secessions. Her lifelong ties to the Creek community were instrumental in maintaining peace between the colonizing British and the native Creeks, and her efforts laid the groundwork for the establishment of Georgia as a colony.