1. Why was a regimental flag so important to soldiers?
Here, the regimental flag is described as the "soul of the regiment" inscribed with all of the battles that particular unit had fought in. To that degree it represents all of those who have been a part of the unit - both and alive and dead during the current conflict.
2. Why was Sgt. Carney awarded the Congressional Medal Honor?
Sgt. Carney should heroic valor and courage in the face of enemy fire, taking up the 5th of Massachusetts regimental colors during battle - placing at the top of the wall during a siege, and retrieving them when the unit was pushed back.
3. As a rebel soldier, what would you think about free, African Americans opposing you as Union soldiers on the field of battle?
Student answers will vary but inevitably will mention former slaves now able to enact retribution.