1. During the Atlanta campaign, Sherman's army captured Kennesaw Mountain. Why do you think Sherman wanted this mountain?
Students who have actually visited the mountain will have an advantage in having enjoyed the excellent view of Atlanta from its peak; a view that helped Sherman survey the military movements along the landscapes. Although our resources don't contain references to this, Sherman fired artillery shells into the city from this vantage point.
2. What was the primary focus of Sherman's military maneuvers in Atlanta? What characteristic of the city was the most focused on destroying? Why?
Sherman's primary objective was to destroy Atlanta's railroad lines. These were Atlanta's lifeline; their destruction would mark a decisive end to the city's usefulness as an industrial center which supplied the South with access to materials like food, weapons, and other supplies.
3. Aside from Atlanta's strategic importance as a factory town and railroad hub, why else was the fall of Atlanta so crucial to the Union?
Since 1864 was an election year and Union armies in the eastern theater had been stalled, the fall of Atlanta to Sherman was a boost to Abraham Lincoln's campaign for reelection.