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Static Electricity

We explore static electricity as we learn about charging by friction, conduction, and induction.

Unit 5 Segment B: Static Electricity: Conduction and Induction We explore static electricity as we learn about charging by friction, conduction and induction.

Premiere Date: August 2, 2018 | Runtime: 00:09:13

Support Materials

Learning Objectives

-Define static electricity.

-Discuss properties of conductors and insulators.

-Explain charging by conduction, friction, and induction.

-Explain what it means if an object is electrically polarized.

-Investigate the law of conservation of charge.

Toolkit

Note-Taking Guide and Questions to Consider
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Practice Problems
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Conduction and Induction Lab
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Vocabulary

conduction - the transfer of charge by direct contact.

conductor - a material across which electrons can easily travel.

charging by friction - the transfer of electrons by two objects being rubbed together.

electrostatic force (FE) - one of the four fundamental forces of the universe; the attraction and repulsion of particles based on their electrical charges; is equal to Coulomb’s constant times the magnitude of two charges divided by the distance between the charges, squared.

induction - charging a neutral object by bringing a charged object close to but not touching the object.

insulator - material that resists the movement of charge.

law of conservation of charge - electric charge cannot be created or destroyed but can be transferred from one object to another.

static electricity - the accumulation of electric charge on the surface of or within a material.

triboelectric series - a list of materials that ranks materials by how easily they give up or receive electrons.

polarization - the process of separating opposite charges within an object.

Georgia Standards of Excellence

SP5
Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about electrical and magnetic force interactions.
b
Plan and carry out investigations to demonstrate and qualitatively explain charge transfer by conduction, friction, and induction.

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