1. Explain the factors that contributed to the growth of the railroads.
Georgians were moving inland. People wanted reliable transportation for themselves and their goods. Roads were muddy, dusty, and treacherous to travel. River travel was all right going downstream; however travel was difficult upstream.
2. Why did Georgia merchants decide that they needed a railroad from Augusta to Athens?
When they tried to move heavy cargo on the roads using horses and wagons, the weather and other factors made movement difficult. They decided they needed a railroad to be more efficient and to be able to compete with the states around them that already had the railroad.
3. What effect did South Carolina's railroad from Charleston to Hamburg have on Georgia?
With Hamburg being just across the Savannah River from Augusta, much of Georgia's cotton was transported to Charleston for export rather than to Savannah. As Savannah lost business, Georgia legislators began considering building railroads in Georgia as a result.