Atlanta Mayor Shirley Franklin will teach at Spelman College after her final term ends.
Franklin will join the historically black women's college in January under its William and Camille Cosby Endowed Professorship Program.
Franklin was elected the city's first female mayor in 2001 and re-elected in 2004.
She is barred by term limits from running for mayor again.
The 63-year-old Franklin is an alumna of Howard University and the University of Pennsylvania.
Franklin's term ends Jan. 3 and she will begin her one-year professorship after leaving office.
Two candidates are in a run-off to replace her.
Former Democratic state Senator Kasim Reed ran Franklin's first transition team as well as her re-election campaign.
Mary Norwood has served on the Atlanta City Council since 2001.
Election day is December 1st.
Click here to watch Sunday's run-off debate.