1. Why do you think a majority vote is needed in both houses to pass a bill?
2. Explain what happens when a bill is sent to the governor.
1. Divide the class into two groups, with one group representing the House and Representatives and the other representing the Senate. As the teacher, introduce a new bill of your choosing (suggestions include a new school dress code, lunch menu, or grading system). Present your version of the bill to each group. Then instruct them to make changes to the bill that would likely please the entire school. Once both bills are identical, send the bill to another teacher who will represent the governor. The “governor” should determine the next action taken for the bill. If the bill is vetoed, each group must then take another vote to either override the veto or kill the bill.
2. Invite a local politician to your classroom to discuss the legislative process. The visitor could be a state representative, a city council person, or a U.S. representative.
legislature: a group of people with the power to make or change laws
annotated: to add notes or comments to (a text, book, drawing, etc.)
clerk: a person whose job is to keep track of records and documents for a business or office
chamber: a group of people who form part of a government
Lieutenant Governor: an elected official who is an assistant to the governor of a U.S. state
Speaker of the House: presiding officer of Georgia’s House of Representatives
standing committee: a permanent committee in the legislature intended to consider all matters pertaining to a designated subject
General Assembly: a legislative assembly
amendment: a change in the words or meaning of a law or document (such as a constitution)
presiding: to be in charge of something (such as a meeting or organization)
well: the podium at the front of the legislative chamber
veto: a decision by a person in authority to not allow or approve something (such as a new law)