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Each year, more than 3 million athletes in the United States suffer a concussion.

Children – boys and girls -- are especially vulnerable to concussions. The CDC estimates over 170 thousand sports and recreation-related head injuries land kids in the hospital each year.

The greatest concussion risk for men and boys:  football and rugby, hockey and soccer.
For women and girls:  soccer and basketball.

Concussion signs and symptoms include
Headache ,
sensitivity to light and sound.
Changes in reaction time, balance, and coordination.
Changes in memory, judgment, sleep, and speech.

Having a concussion doesn't always mean you black out. That happens less than ten per cent of the time.

If concussion is suspected, take the player out immediately.
The best advice: if in doubt, sit it out. There’s no standard time for return to play. It’s best to consult a doctor trained in concussion management. The first 10 days after concussion are when athletes are at greatest risk of another concussion. Repeated concussions can cause permanent problems.

This study in the Journal of Neurology nails it: you only get one brain ---treat it well.