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Fruits and Diabetes

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Fruits taste good. And do you good.

A study in the British Medical Journal finds eating more of some of them could lower risk of type 2 diabetes.

190,000 health care professionals, of whom 83% were women, answered questionnaires about how often they ate certain foods. Nobody with diabetes, heart disease, or cancer was included.

Over a 22 year span, more that 12,000 of the patients – about 6.5%- developed diabetes.

The effect of ten specific fruits and several fruit juices was studied.

Eating certain whole fruits -- blueberries, grapes, raisins, apples and pears -- was linked to significantly lower diabetes risk.

But fruit juice consumption was linked to increased type 2 diabetes risk.

Juices pass through the stomach and into the intestine faster than whole fruit, and can lead to greater changes in blood sugar and insulin levels.

This study linked one fruit – cantaloupe -- to increased diabetes risk.

Those who ate 3 servings a week of whole fruit – not juice -- had 7% lower diabetes risk. And replacing juice intake with whole fruits- other than strawberries, cantaloupe, and melon- also lowered diabetes risk.