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Civil Rights
November 24, 1868
A Georgia native founded the most influential black newspaper of the 20th century. Robert Sengstacke Abbott was born on St. Simon’s island in 1868...
November 16, 1894
The Civil Rights movement boasted many heroes; some, sadly, unsung. Thomas Brewer was born in Alabama in 1894, and earned a medical degree at Meharry...
December 12, 1897
She was one of the first prominent white Southerners to denounce segregation, and she was a controversial figure all her life. Lillian Smith was born...
March 15, 1911
He was Atlanta’s mayor for eight years in the 1960s, and he was the only Southern politician to testify in favor of the Civil Rights Act. Ivan Allen...
September 30, 1915
He was a high school dropout who would be governor. Born in Atlanta, Lester Maddox worked at the Bell Bomber factory in Marietta during World War II...
October 6, 1921
Clashes with the Ku Klux Klan began Joseph Lowery's life long fight for equality. The man who became one of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s chief...
April 27, 1927
She was the first woman and first African-American to lie in state at the Georgia State Capitol rotunda. Coretta Scott was born in 1927 in Alabama...
January 14, 1940
It took the Supreme Court to seat Julian Bond in the Georgia Legislature. Born in Nashville in 1940, graduated from a Quaker school in Pennsylvania,...
February 21, 1940
He courageously put his life on the line many times during the civil rights movement and has become one of the most respected members of Congress....
July 8, 1941
He was valedictorian of his high school class but the University of Georgia wouldn’t let him in. Hamilton Holmes was born in 1941 in Atlanta, the...
February 9, 1944
She was born in Eatonton in 1944 and at age 8 she was blinded in one eye by a BB gun fired by her brother, a traumatic event that crippled her self-...
February 5, 1945
The poll tax, a bulwark of the Jim Crow era, was one of many roadblocks thrown up to keep African-Americans from exercising their right to vote....
September 25, 1946
When Robert Benham was appointed the first African American on the Georgia Supreme Court, it was only one of a long line of firsts. Benham was born...
February 6, 1956
The white South’s opposition to court-ordered desegregation in the 1950s was known as "Massive Resistance," and while Georgia’s reaction wasn’t as...
September 5, 1956
It was touted as one of the finest hotels between New York and Miami, but its owner refused to rent rooms to black patrons. The Heart of Atlanta...