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Related: Individuals Groups And Institutions

February 5, 1945
The poll tax, a bulwark of the Jim Crow era, was one of many roadblocks thrown up to keep African-Americans from exercising their right to vote....
July 1, 1946
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention -– the CDC -- is located in Atlanta thanks to a pest. During World War II, the Office of Malaria...
September 25, 1946
When Robert Benham was appointed the first African American on the Georgia Supreme Court, it was only one of a long line of firsts. Benham was born...
December 31, 1946
World War II had a global impact and it transformed Georgia as well. Some 320,000 Georgians served in the U.S. Armed Forces during the war, and...
November 17, 1948
It was one of the most bizarre political episodes in American history. For a brief period of time in 1947, Georgia had three governors. Eugene...
January 11, 1955
Marvin Griffin ran for governor as a staunch segregationist, but when it came to actually defying federal orders, as he said, “being in jail kind of...
February 6, 1956
The white South’s opposition to court-ordered desegregation in the 1950s was known as "Massive Resistance," and while Georgia’s reaction wasn’t as...
February 13, 1956
It was not a flag that all Georgians could rally around. On this date in 1956, Governor Marvin Griffin signed legislation to change the Georgia flag...
September 5, 1956
It was touted as one of the finest hotels between New York and Miami, but its owner refused to rent rooms to black patrons. The Heart of Atlanta...
December 27, 1956
“A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives.” The words of baseball great and civil rights pioneer Jackie Robinson, who was...
October 12, 1958
In the early morning hours of this day in 1958, 50 sticks of dynamite exploded at the Hebrew Benevolent Congregation, Atlanta's oldest and most...
January 9, 1961
One hundred seventy-six years after it was chartered, Georgia’s flagship university admitted its first black students on this day in 1961. Hamilton...
August 23, 1961
When four African Americans came to Atlanta's Bitsy Grant Tennis Center on this day in 1961, they found a sign waiting for them: closed for repairs....
November 25, 1961
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. considered it one of his few failures. The Albany Movement in the early 1960s had a simple but formidable objective: the...
October 24, 1962
He was born in a one-room shack in Barnwell, South Carolina, in 1933. He moved to Augusta, Georgia when he was five. His mother abandoned him, he...