The lieutenant governor serves as president of the state senate. In the case of a governor’s incapacity or removal from office, the lieutenant governor assumes power. The office was created in 1945 by the Georgia Constitution. Prior to 1945, state senators elected the president of the state senate. Georgia lieutenant governors do not run on a ticket system. Thus the governor and lieutenant governor of the state may consider themselves political rivals.
Like candidates for governor, potential lieutenant governors must also be 30 years of age, a US citizen for 15 years, and resident of Georgia for 6 years prior to election. The term length for lieutenant governor is 4 years, but the office can be held for an unlimited amount of terms.