Russia, along with the four other permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, have agreed on a resolution concerning Syria's chemical weapons, the U.S. said today.
The draft resolution, a senior State Department official said in a statement, calls for oversight of Syria's surrender of chemical weapons and calls for "consequences" if Bashar Assad fails to comply.
The New York Times quotes "officials" as saying the full text of the resolution will not threaten military force.
"This is a breakthrough arrived at through hard-fought diplomacy," the State Department official said. "Just two weeks ago, no one thought this was in the vicinity of possible. After close consultation with the P3, the Russians have agreed to support a strong, binding and enforceable resolution that unites the pressure and focus of the international community on the Syrian regime to ensure the elimination of Syria's chemical weapons."
The statement goes on:
"This is historic and unprecedented because it puts oversight of the Assad regime's compliance under international control and it's the first [U.N. Security Council Resolution] to declare that the use of chemical weapons is a threat to peace and security. Equally as important, it makes absolutely clear that failure of the Assad regime to comply will have consequences. Later this evening there will be a full consultation with the UNSC to discuss text."
The full 15-member Security Council is set to meet at 8 p.m. ET. for "informal consultations."
Russia, Syria's most important ally, and the United States had previously brokered a deal that averted a military strike by the U.S. against Syria. If you remember, as Congress was weighing whether to authorize military action, Russia seized on an apparently off-the-cuff suggestion by Secretary of State John Kerry, who said the U.S. was willing to back off its war footing if Syria gave up its entire chemical arsenal quickly and in a verifiable manner.
Syria quickly signed papers that opened the door for membership into the Chemical Weapons Convention and the U.S. and Russia worked through the U.N. to try to put together a resolution that would enforce the U.S.-Russia agreement.
The big issue here was what kind of language Russia would agree to, when it came to detailing the kind of consequences Syria could face if it doesn't comply with the resolution. The U.S. was looking for so-called "Chapter VII" language, which would leave the door open to military action. Russia was opposed to that.
Update at 6:39 p.m. ET. No Chapter VII Enforcement:
Russia's Foreign Minister tells Russia Today, a Russian-funded English-language news outlet, that the draft resolution does not include any Chapter VII enforcement.
"The resolution which will be submitted to the UN Security Council is in line with the Geneva framework on the destruction of chemical weapons in Syria," Lavrov said. "There will be no enforcement in line with Chapter 7."
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