Born in 1778 to a Scottish father and Creek Indian mother, William McIntosh spent his life trying to satisfy the demands of both. He was a supporter of efforts by the United States to change the way Native Americans lived their lives in Georgia. He encouraged them to own personal property, grown cotton, and acquire slaves. With a handful of other Creek representatives, McIntosh ceded 7,000 square miles of land held by the Creek Nation to the United States in 1825. According to a Creek law, any Creek leader who ceded land to whites without the support of the Creek Nation was to be executed. On April 30, 1825, hundreds of Creek warriors surprised McIntosh at his home. They set fire to his home, shot him, and stabbed him in the heart.