Oscar Elsas established Atlanta’s Fulton Bag and Cotton Mill. The textile mill’s employees included farm families seeking a better life. Despite relatively high salaries and company housing, the 60 – 70 hour workweeks and repetitive labor disillusioned many employees. As former farmers, they were accustomed to more independence. They suffered from conditions that made it hard to breathe. In 1914 500 of the 1300 workers went out on strike. Management hired replacement workers and spies to infiltrate the union. The company had the law on its side (striking was illegal), and blackballed most of the strikers. Historians comment on this incident.