1. Explain the purpose of appellate level courts.
2. What is the difference between a misdemeanor and a felony?
3. Why do you think there is a special court that specifically deals with juveniles?
1. Invite a local member of the judicial court system to talk to the class about his/her role and responsibilities in the system.
2. To prevent bias and unfair punishments, some states have mandatory sentences for certain crimes. (For example, a person convicted of kidnapping must be sentenced to at least 14 years in Georgia.) Have students discuss which crimes, if any, should have mandatory punishments and have them explain their reasonings.
Appeal: a process in which a decision is studied and accepted or rejected by a higher court or by someone in authority
Delinquent: a young person who regularly does illegal or immoral things
Dispute: a disagreement or argument
Felony: a crime, typically one involving violence, regarded as more serious than a misdemeanor, and usually punishable by imprisonment for more than one year
Habeas Corpus: an order to bring a jailed person before a judge or court to find out if that person should really be in jail
Interpret: to explain the meaning of (something)
Jurisdiction: the power or right to make judgments about the law, to arrest and punish criminals, etc.
Juvenile: relating to or meant for young people
Mediator: to work with opposing sides in an argument or dispute in order to get an agreement
Misdemeanor: a crime that is not very serious
Trial: a formal meeting in a court in which evidence about crimes, disagreements, etc., is presented to a judge and often a jury so that decisions can be made according to the law
Violation: the act of doing something that is not allowed by a law or rule