1. What does John Standingdeer mean when he says the introduction of new materials from Europe made life easy for the Creeks, but it also made them weak?
Materials and supplies introduced by the white man like iron which made stronger tools and guns which were more deadly than bow and arrows made life easier for the Creeks. As time passed, however, these new materials made Creeks more dependent on the European settlers and less self-sufficient.
2. Why was the deer the most important animal for Creek survival?
The Creeks did not waste any material that came from deer. They ate the deer's meat, used its skin to make clothing and containers, and used the bones to make knives and sewing needles.
3. In what ways did Europeans impact Native Americans?
Europeans introduced new materials and supplies, such as iron, colorful clothing and beads, and guns, that Native Americans wanted. In order to obtain these items, Indians traded deer skin. Deer, which were previously only killed when people needed food, were now viewed as a commodity and, as a result, almost went extinct. Europeans also introduced disease, which killed nearly 80% of the Native American population because they had no resistance to the illnesses.