Article one, section two, clause four of the United States Constitution states, "When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies." A seat in the House of Representatives can be vacated for any number of reasons including resignation, or even an untimely death. The appointment of Tom Price (R), former United States House representative from Georgia's sixth congressional district, to Secretary of Health and Human Services in the Trump Administration, has now triggered a special election. Basically, there are three types of elections: primary, general, and local. A special election, however, can be called to fulfill a specific purpose--such as a vacancy.